Codes are listed in alphabetical order from A to Z, followed by number c odes.
The information below ONLY pertains to identifying makers

Note that headstamps often contain multiple pieces of information. The maker is almost always identified. Military ammunition usually includes date information, and civilian ammunition often has caliber information. Sometimes dates are fairly obvious (44 = 1944; 72 = 1972; 6 12 = June 1912, etc.). Sometimes the caliber information is either spelled out or abbreviated (30-06; 38 SPL, etc.) and other times, such as on German made DWM ammunition, a catalog number code is used for the caliber. Sometimes information on the headstamp indicates the type of load (VII Z on .303 British indicates Mark VII ball ammunition loaded with nitrocellulose powder.) Sometimes markings are deliberately deceiving, as with some .30 carbine ammunition ammunition marked LC 52, made by the Chinese, or .30-06 marked B N 4 40 made in the U.S., both probably intended to arm allies while hiding their source of supplies.

Even collectors with years of experience and extensive reference libraries end up with a few cartridges they cannot identify, so don't feel bad if you cannot identify everything.

- A-

Code

Manufacturer

A

Pretoria Metal Pressing Ltd Pretoria, RSA

A

American Cartridge Company, Kansas City, MO

A

American Metallic Cartridge Co., South Coventry, CT

AA

Danish Government Arsenal (Ammunitionsarsenalet) Copenhagen, Denmark

ABT

American Ballistics Co., Inc. 1851 Canbdy Lane SW,  Marietta, Georgia  30060 

AC

San Cristobal Arms Factory, San Cristobal, Dominican Republic

ACP

Arms Corporation of the Philippines, (formally Squires Bingham Co.) Marikina, Republic of the Philippines

AD

Komando Perindustrian TNI, Angkatan Darat, also known as Pabrik Senjata Mesiu, with ammunition factory at Turen, Maland, East Java (the Bandung facility is a small-arms factory)

AD

MAST Technologies, originally at Las Vegas, but now located at 14555 US Hwy 95 South, Boulder City, Nevada 89005,  USA, on ammunition made for Abu Dhabi

ad

Patronen-Zündhütchen-u. Metallwarenfabrik, Aktiengesellschaft (formally Sellier & Bellot) ,Schönebeck/Elbe, Germany-WWII era

AE

Read “EA” in Israel, for “Eretz Ayalon” (Homeland production at Ayalon Factory), a pre-independence Underground factory in the basement of a laundry at Kibbutzim Hill,  Rehovot, Israel

AEP

Anciens Établissements Pieper, Herstal, Belgium

AF

Small Arms Ammunition Factory No. 1 Footscray, Australia

AFF

Small Arms Ammunition Factory No. 1 Footscray, Australia

AGUILA

Cartuchos Deportivos de Mexico S.A., Kilometro 6 Carretera Cuernavaca , Tepoztlan, Cuernavaca, Mexico

AI

Artillerie - Inrichtingen  NV, (Now Eurometaal NV) P. O. Box 419, 1500 EH Zaandam, The Netherlands

ak

Munitionsfabriken (formally Sellier & Bellot), Prague with factory in Vlasim, Czechoslovakia, (Manufactured under German occupation)

ALEX-R

Produced by Lapua for Alexander Arms, L.L.C. for some of their proprietary rounds

am

Gustloff-Werke, Otto Eberhardt-Patronenfabrik (formally Hirtenberger Patronen Züundhütchen & Metallwarenfabrik A.-G.), Hirtenberg, Niederdonau, Austria (Manufactured under German occupation)

AMA

Danish Government Arsenal (Ammunitionsarsenalet) Copenhagen, Denmark

AMRON

AMRON, Waukesha, WI  53186   USA

A-MERC

American Ammunition Co., Miami, FL  33142  USA

AMI

Anderson Munitions Inc., P.O. Box 17383, Memphis, TN

AMT

AmmoTech, near Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa

AP

Arms Corporation of the Philippines, (formally Squires Bingham Co.) Marikina, Republic of the Philippines

ARS

Atelier de Constuction de Rennes, Rennes, France

asb

Deutsche Waffen-u. Munitionsfabriken A.-G. Eichborndamm 107-127, Berlin - Borsigwalde, Germany  - WWII

ASC

Probably Fábrica Nacional de Muniçőes de Armas Ligeiras, Chelas, Portugal

ATS

Atelier de Construction de Tarbes, Tarbes, France

aux

Polte, Werk Magdeburg, Poltestr. u. Fichtestr.,Magdeburg, Germany

A&W

Allen & Wheelock, Worchester, MA

ay

Pirkl, Alois, Elektrotechnische-Fabrik, Ruppersdorfstr, 30, Reichenberg/Sud., Germany

aym

Povážské Strojárne Národný Podnik, Povážská Bystrica, Czechoslovakia

AYR

A/S Raufoss Ammunisjonsfabrikker, Raufoss, Norway

- B-

B

Durjava Voenna Fabrika (D. V. F.), Kazanlak, Bulgaria. 

B

Pirotecnico di Bologna, Bologna, Italy

B

Braun & Bloem, Dusseldorf, Germany

B

Birmingham Metal and Munitions Co. Ltd., Birmingham, UK

B

Leon Beaux & Co., Milan, Italy

B

Berndorfer Metallwarenfabrik Arthur Krupp A.G., Berndorf, Niederdonau

BAO

Durjava Voenna Fabrika (D. V. F.), Kazanlak, Bulgaria

BB

Braun & Bloem, Dusseldorf, Germany

BBM

BBM Corporation, 221 Interstate Drive, West Springfield, MA  01089

BE

Royal Ordnance Factory, Blackpole, UK

BEAUX

Leon Beaux & Co., Milan, Italy

BF

Fábrica Nacional de Muniçőes de Armas Legeiras, Chelas,  Portugal

BF

Bakelittfabrikken A/G, Aurskog, Norway

BM

British Munitions, UK

bne

Metallwerk Odertal G.m.b.H., Odertal (Post Lautaberg/Harz, Germany

BPD

Bombrini Parodi Delfino, Rome, Italy

BROWNING

Browning Arms Company, Route #1, Morgan, Utah  84050

B-WEST

B-West Inc., Tucson, Arizona  (produced in Russia by Tula)

bxn

Sellier & Bellot, Prague, Czechoslovakia, Factory in Zbrojovka Vlŕsim, Národný Podnik

- C-

C

Munitionsfabrik Cassel, Cassel, Germany

C

Pirotecnico Dell’Esercito Capua, Capua, Italy

C

Creedmore Cartridge Co., Barberton OH

CAC

Colonial Ammunition Company, Auckland, New Zealand

CAC

Colonial Ammunitions Co., Footscray, Australia

CAVIM

Compańia Anonima Venezolana de Industrias Militares, Apartado Postal: 66.459-1061 – Urb. Las Mercedes – Calle Jalisco – Edificio CAVIM, Caracas 1060, Venezuela

CB

Cartoucherie Belge, Liege, Belgium

C-B

COR-BON, 1311 Industrial Rd, Sturgis, SD  57785

CBC

Companhia Brasileira de Cartuchos, Avenida Industrial No 3330, Santo Andre, Estado de Sâo Paulo, Brazil

CCC

Canyon Cartridge Company, 141 Albertson Ave, Albertson, NY

CCC

Creedmoor Cartridge Co., Barberton, OH

CCI

Omark Industries, CCI-Speer / Sporting Equipment Division, Lewiston ID  83501   USA  

CDL

C D Leet, Springfield MA

CDM

Cartuchos Deportivos de México, S.A., Kilometro 6 Carretera Cuernavaca , Tepoztlan, Cuernavaca, Mexico, now “Industrias Tecnos”

cdp

Theodor Bergmann & Co., K.-G., Waffen- und Munitionsfabrik, Werk Bernau, Kleistrasse 21, Berlin W 62, Germany

CF

Cartoucherie Française, Paris, France

CG

Bofors Carl Gustaf AB, (Formerly FFV Förenede Fabriksverken), Vanäsverken, Karlsborg, Sweden (and since 1998, NAMMO Vanäsverken. Carl Gustaf name is no longer used, but “CG” will continue to be used as a headstamp)

ch

Fabrique Nationale D’Armes de Guerre  (FN), Herstal, Belgium, Under German occupation and management by Deutsche Waffen-u. Munitionsfabriken A.-G.

CI

Cascade Cartridge International S.A. de C.V., San Luis Potosi, Mexico

CJ

China North Industries Corp., (NORINCO), 7A Yue Tan Nan Jie, Beijing, Peoples Republic of China

CMC

Corsa Mica, Cugir, Romania

CN

China North Industries Corp., (NORINCO), 7A Yue Tan Nan Jie, Beijing, Peoples Republic of China

COLT

Colt Inc, Military Arms Division, 150 Huyshope Ave., Hartford, CT  06102

C-P

Crompton Parkinson Ltd, Guiseley, York, England

CRB

Cartoucherie Russo-Belge, Liege, Belgium

CTMCo

Crittenden-Tibbals Manufacturing Co., South Coventry, CT

CV

Cartoucherie Voltaďque (CARVOLT), Ouagadoudou, Rčpublique Voltaďque (formally Upper Volta)

- D-

D

Königliche Munitions Fabrik, Dresden  Royal Munitions Factory (Government Facility), Dresden, Germany

D

Gustav Genschow & Co., Durlach, Germany

D

E. I. Du Pont de Nemours & Co. Wilmington DE

D

Dominion Cartridge Co., Montreal, Quebec, Canada

D

Dum Dum Arsenal, Calcutta, India

3-D

3-D Company Inc., (later 3-D Investments Inc and 3-D Ammunition and Bullets), Box J  Mainstreet, Doniphan, NE  68332

DA

Dominion Arsenal, Quebec, Canada

DAC

Dominion Arsenal, Quebec, Canada

DAG

Dynamit Nobel A-G, Troisdorf, Germany, (previously Geco and DNG Gustav Genchow, Karlsruhe)

DAL

Dominion Arsenal, Quebec, Canada

DAQ

Dominion Arsenal, Quebec, Canada

DC

Dominion Cartridge Co. Ltd., Brownsburg, Quebec, Canada

DCA

Dominion Arsenal, Quebec, Canada

D&C

Dreyse & Collenbusch, Sommerda, Germany

DCCO

Dominion Cartridge Co. Ltd., Montreal, Quebec, Canada

DDDD

DUDS Ammunition and Supply Co., PO Box 363, Barton, Vermont  05822

DEN

Denver Ordnance Plant, Denver, CO

DF

Dum-Dum Arsenal, Calcutta, India

DFA

Delta Frangible Ammunition LLC (Formally Delta Defense Inc.), 1235 Jeff Davis Highway Suite 710, Arlington, VA  22202

DGSN

Direction Générale de la Sűreté Nationale, (National Police), Morocco

DI

Defence Industries Ltd., Canadian Industries Ltd, Park Avenue Plant, Montreal, Canada

DM

Des Moines Ordnance Plant, Des Moines, Iowa

DM

Deutsche Waffen-u. Munitionsfabriken A.-G., Früher Lorenz, Karlsruhe, Germany

DMK

Deutsche Waffen-u. Munitionsfabriken A.-G., (Previously Deutsche Metall-Patronen-Fabrik), Karlsruhe, Germany

dnf

Rheinisch-Westfälische Sprengstoff A.-G., Werk Nürnberg-Stadeln, Germany

DNG

Dynamit Nobel A.-G., Troisdorf, Germany, (Previously Geco and later DAG, Gustav Genchow, Karlsruhe)

dnh

Rheinisch-Westfälische Sprengstoff A.-G., (Previously Gustav Genschow & Co. )Werk Durlach, Germany 

dom

Westfälische Metall-Industrie A.-G., Lippstadt, Germany

DOMINION

Dominion Ammunition Division, Canadian Industries Ltd, Montreal, Quebec   Canada

dou

Waffenwerke Brünn A.-G., Werk Povážská Bystrica, formally Czech National Arms and Ammunition Factory, Povážská Bystrica,  Czechoslovakia   Under German occupation

DRS

Dansk Rekylriffel Syndikat, Copenhagen, Denmark

D&S

D & S Manufacturing Inc., Route 1, Box 381, Passadumkeag, Maine 04475

DWA

Deutsche Werke A.-G., Berlin, Germany

DWM B

Deutsche Waffen-u. Munitionsfabriken A.-G., Berlin - Borsigwalde, Germany

DWM H

Nederlandsche Wapen-en Munitiefabriek NV., “DE KRUITHOORN”, ‘s-Hertogenbosch, Netherlands

DWM K

Deutsche Waffen u. Munitionsfabriken, Karlsruhe, Germany

DWM K Y

Dynamite Nobel A.-G., Troisdorf, Germany, on contract for DWM

- E-

E

Eley Brothers, Ltd., London, England

EB

Eley Brothers, Ltd., London, England

EC

Eau Claire Ordnance Plant, Eau Claire, WI

EC

Evansville Ordnance Plant (Chrysler), Evansville, OH

ECCC

Metallwerk Elisenhütte GmbH., Nassau /  Lahn, Germany

eej

Märkisches Walzwerk G.m.b.H., Strausberg Bez. Potsdam, Germany

EID

Établissements Industriels de Défense, Damascus, Syria

ELEY

Eley Brothers, Ltd., London, England

ELEY

Arms Corporation of the Philippines, (formally Squires Bingham Co.) Marikina, Republic of the Philippines

ELD

Eldorado Cartridge Co., Boulder City, Nevada  89005-0308 (wholly owned by Pan Metal Corp. (PMC) of Poongsan, Korea)

emp

Dynamit A.-G., Werk Empelde, (formally Alfred Nobel & Co.), Empelde, Germany

ENK

Greek Powder and Cartridge Co., Athens, Greece

EW

Eau Claire Ordnance Plant, Eau Claire, WI

- F-

F

Giulio Fiocchi, Lecco, Italy

F

Frankford Arsenal, Philadelphia, PA

F

Cartoucherie Française, Paris, France

F

P.W. U. Fabrula Amunicji, Skarzysko-Kamienna, Poland

F

Small Arms Ammunition Factory No. 1 Footscray, Australia

faa

Deutsche Waffen-und Munitionsfabriken A.-G., Karlsruhe, Germany

FAME

Fábrica de Municiones del Ejército, Lima, Peru

FAMMAP

Fábrica Argentina Militar de Munición de Armas Portátiles, San Lorenzo, Argentina

FAS

Fabryka Amunicji, Skarzysko, Kamienna, (later “HASAG” under German occupation)

FA

Frankford Arsenal, Philadelphia, PA

fb

Mansfeld A.-G., Abt. Metallwarenfabrik, Werk Rothenburg/Saale, Germany

FC

Federal Cartridge Corp., Anoka,  MN  55303 (also produced in Germany and Austria)

FC

Prvi Partizan, Titovo, Uzice 31000, Yugoslavia

FC

Departmento de la Industrial Militar, Mexico City, Mexico

FCPQ

Fábrica De Cartuchos e Pólvoras Quimicas, Chelas, Portugal

FFV

Förenede Fabriksverken, Karlsborg, Sweden

FIOCCHI

Giulio Fiocchi, Lecco, Italy

FLB

Fábrica Militar “Fray Luís Beltran”, San Lorenzo, Argentina

FM

Établissements Industriels de Défense, Damascus, Syria

FM

Fábrica Nacional de Municiones, Santa Fe, Mexico (near Mexico City)

FM

Fábrica Militar de Cartuchos de San Lorenzo, San Lorenzo, Argentina

FME

Fábricas y Maestranzas del Ejército, Santiago, Chile

FMMAP B

Fábrica Militar de Munición de Armas Portátiles “Borghi”, San Lorenzo, Argentina

FM”FLB”

Fábrica Militar Fray Luis Beltran, San Lorenzo,  Argentina

FMMAP SF

Fábrica Militar de Munición de Armes Portátiles San Francisco, San Francisco, Argentina 

FMCSF

Fábrica Militar de Cartuchos San Francisco, San Francisco, Argentina

FMSF

Fábrica Militar de San Francisco, San Francisco, Argentina

FMC”SL”

Fábrica Militar de Cartuchos de San Lorenzo, San Lorenzo, Argentina (formally Fábrica Militar de Munición de Armas Portátiles “Borghi”)

FMSL

Fábrica Militar San Lorenzo, San Lorenzo, Argentina

F DE M

Fábrica Nacional de Municiones, Santa Fe, Mexico (near Mexico City) Note:  The “F de M” actually stands for just Fábrica de Municiones

FN

Fabrique Nationale d’Armes de Guerre  (FN), Herstal, Belgium

FNB

Fabrique Nationale Herstal, Herstal, Belgium

FNCM

Fábrica Nacional de Cartuchos e Muniçőes, Sao Paulo, Brazil

FNM

Fábrica Nacional de Muniçőes de Armas Ligeiras, Chelas, Portugal

FNM

Fábrica Nacional de Municiones, Santa Fe, Mexico (near Mexico City)

FNP

Fábrica Nacional de Palencia,  Spain

FNT

Fábrica Nacional de Toledo, currently known as Empresa Nacional Santa Barbara de Industrias Militares, SA Toledo, Spain

FOMU

Fabryka Oruzja i Municje, Prvi Partizan, Uzice, Serbia, Yugoslavia

FR

Fábrica do Realengo, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

FRONTIER

Frontier Cartridge Company Inc., Grand Island, NE   68801

F TC I

Fabrikalar Iskenderun, Türkiye Cumhuriyeti, (Iskanderun Factory, Turkish Republic)

fva

Draht-u. Metallfabriken G.m.b.H., Salzwedel, Germany

FVV&Co

Fitch Van Vechten & Co., New York, NY

- G-

G

Gévelot S. A., (Socičtč Française des Munitions), Paris, France

G

Federal Cartridge Corp., Minneapolis, MN

G

Greenwood & Batley Ltd, UK

GA

Grenfeil & Accles Ltd., Birmingham, UK

G B

Deutsche Waffen-u. Munitionsfabriken A.-G.,  Karlsruhe, Germany

GB

Greenwood & Batley Ltd, UK

GBF

Greenwood & Batley Ltd, UK

G C CO

Graphite Cartridge Company, Washington, DC

G  D

Gustav Genschow & Company, Durlach, Germany

GD

Dynamit Nobel A.-G., Troisdorf, Germany (formally Geco and DNG Gustav Genschow, Karlsruhe)

GE

General Electric, Cleveland, OH

GE

G. Engestorff, Linden, Germany

GEA

Guilford Engineering Associates Inc., 332 Stepstone Hill Road, Guilford, Conn. 06437

Ge  D

Gustav Genschow & Company, Durlach, Germany

Geco

Gustav Genschow & Company, Durlach, Germany

Geco

Dynamit Nobel A/G, Troisdorf, Germany

GEVELOT

Gévelot S. A., (Socičtč Française des Munitions), Paris, France

GF

G. Egestorff, Linden, Germany

G F.1

Government Cartridge Factory N°1, probably Enfield, UK 1918 headstamp

G F.3

Government Cartridge Factory N°3, probably Sparbrook, UK 1918 headstamp

GFL

Giulio Fiocchi, Lecco, Italy

GG&Co

Gustav Genschow & Company, Durlach, Germany

GI

Dynamit Nobel A/G, Troisdorf, Germany

GKB

George Kynoch, Birmingham

GPC

Greek Powder & Cartridge Company, Athens, Greece

GR

George Roth & Co., Austria.  The letters “GR” usually appear in trademark-style, with the letters intertwined

- H-

H

Rheinische Metallwaren und Maschinenfabrik, Dusseldorf, Germany

H

Hirtenberger Patronen-, Zündhütchen-und Metallwarenfabrik A.-G., Hirtenberg, Niederdonau, Austria

H

Winchester Repeating Arms Co., New Haven, CT

HA

Danish Government Arsenal (Ammunitionsarsenalet) Copenhagen, Denmark

HALGER

Rheinisch-Westfälische Sprengstoff A.-G., Nürnberg-U. Germany for Halbe & Gerlich, Hamburg (1922-1929)

HERTER’S

Herters Inc., Waseca, MN  (produced in Sweden)

H&F

Hardy & Fils S.A., 251 Av. Louis, 1050 Bruxelles, Belgium

HI-PER

Hi-Performance Cartridge Corp., 133 Blue Bell Rd, Greensboro, NC 27406

HK

H. Huck Metallwarenfabrik, Nuremburg, Germany

hla

Metallwarenfabrik Treuenbritzen G.m.b.H., Werk Sebaldushof, Germany

hlb

Metallwarenfabrik Treuenbritzen, G.m.b.H., Werk Selterhof. Germany

hlc

Zieh-und Stanswerk G.m.b.H., Werk Schleusingen/Thür., Germany

HN

Royal Ordnance Factory, Hirwaun, UK

HOWITZER

Howitzer Products Limited, Blocks 1-5 Besselsleigh,  Abingdon, Oxford OX13 5PZ  England (cases produced in US)

HP

Hirtenberger Patronen-, Zündhütchen-und Metallwarenfabrik A.-G., Hirtenberg, Niederdonau, Austria

hrn

Presswerk G.m.b.H., Metgethen, Ostprussia, Germany

HXP

Greek Powder & Cartridge Company, Athens, Greece

- I-

I

Jubbelpore Arsenal, Jubbelpore, India

ICI

Kynoch Works, Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd., Birmingham, UK

IK

Igman Zavod, Konjic, Yugoslavia

IM

Industria Militar, Bogota, Colombia

IMI

Israel Military Industries, Tel Aviv, Israel

IMPERIAL

Industries Valcartier Inc., Valcartier, Quebec, Canada

INDUMIL

Industria Militar, Bogota, Colombia

INTERARMCO

Fabrique Nationale Herstal, Herstal, Belgium for Interarmco of Virginia, USA

IVI

Industries Valcartier Inc., Valcartier, Quebec, Canada

- J-

J

Birmingham Metals & Munitions Co./Nobel, Birmingham, UK

J

Ingolstadt Arsenal, Ingolstadt, Germany.  The letters “I” and “J” are basically interchangeable in German.  Archaic spelling of this arsenal was “Jngolstadt.”

J-A0A

Asahi-Seiki Manufacturing Co. Ltd., (until 1961, Asahi-Okuma Arms Co. Ltd) ,5050 Asahimae-cho, Owari-Asahi. Asahi, Japan 488

JE

China North Industries Corp., (NORINCO), 7A Yue Tan Nan Jie, Beijing, Peoples Republic of China

JR

J. Roth, Bratislava, Czechoslovakia

J-TE

Toyo Seiki Manufacturing Co., Ltd. Japan

- K-

K

Karlsborg Arsenal, Karlsborg, Sweden

K

Kynoch Factories, Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd., Birmingham, England

K

Probably Kaunas Arsenal, Kaunas, Lithuania

K

Kirkee Arsenal, Poona-3, Kirkee, India

K2

Kynoch (I.C.I.), Standish, UK (1943-1944)

K4

Kynoch (I.C.I.), Yeading, UK (1942-1944)

K5

Kynoch (I.C.I.), Kidderminster, UK (1944)

KA

Pusan Government Arsenal, Pusan, Republic of Korea

kam

Hasag Eisen u. Metallwerke G.m.b.H., Werk Skarzysko-Kamienna, Poland (formally Fabryka Amuniciji, Skarzysko, Kamienna)

KC (K&C)

Keller & Co.,  Hirtenberg, Austria

KF

Kirkee Arsenal, Poona-3, Kirkee, India

KH

Khamaria Arsenal, Khamaria, India

KN

Kings Norton Metal Co. Ltd, Abbey Wood, Kent, UK

KOPP

KOPP TZP sro, 671 56 Pavlice, Czech Republic (made in Russia)

KTW

KTW Inc., Lorain, Ohio, (later North American Ordnance Corp, Pontiac, Michigan)

KYNOCH

Kynoch Factories, Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd., Birmingham, England

- L-

L

Lindener Zündhütchen-und Thonwarenfabrik, Hannover, Germany

L

Lignose A.-G., Berlin, Germany

L

Lapuan Patruunatehdas, Lapua, Finland

L

Lorenz Patronenfabrik (Ammunition & Ordnance Co.), Karlsruhe, Germany

LAC

Dominion Arsenal, Lindsay, Australia

LAPUA

Lapuan Patruunatehdas, Lapua, Finland

LBC

Leon Beaux & Company, Milan, Italy

LB

Leon Beaux & Company, Milan, Italy

LB

Longbow Inc., PO Box 624, Burns Flat, OK 73624

LC

Lake City Ammunition Plant, Lake City, MO

LC

Mĺtravidčki Fčmmüvek, H-3332 Sirok, Hungary, for: Armscorp USA Inc., Baltimore, MD

LE

Giulio Fiocchi, Lecco, Italy

LIBRA

Libra, 67153 Jevišovice 234-CR, Czech Republic

LM

Cartoucherie du Mans, Le Mans, France

lpk

Servotechna A.-G., Prague, Czechoslovakia  under German occupation

LRS

Lead Recovery Systems, Inc., (a division of 3-D Co.), Doniphan, Nebraska

LVE

Novosibirsk Low -Voltage Equipment Plant Plc., 30A, Stantsionnaya St, Novosikirsk, 630108, Russia

L Y

China North Industries Corp., (NORINCO), 7A Yue Tan Nan Jie, Beijing, Peoples Republic of China

- M-

M

Ammunitionsfabriken Marieberg, Stockholm, Sweden

M

Birmingham Metals & Munitions Co./Nobel, Birmingham, UK

M

Munizioni e Cartucce Martignoni, Genoa, Italy

MAL

Syarikat Malaysia Explosives Ltd., Batu-Arang, Malaysia

MANUCAM

Manufacture Camerounnaise de Munitions, Cameroon

MAXIM

Maxim Munitions Corp., Waterton, NY

MASTER

Master Cartridge Co. (now Georgia Arms), Villa Rica, GA

MAYER

Klaus Mayer & Sons, Arnsberg and Neheim-Husten, Germany

MCM

Munizioni e Cartucce Martignoni, S.p.A. Genoa, Italy

MCM

McLearn’s Custom Machines, Claremore, Oklahoma

M&D

M&D Munitions Ltd., Farmington, Long Island, New York 11735

ME

Metallwerk Elisenhütte G.m.b.H., Nassau, Lahn, Germany

METALLVERKEN

AB Svenska Metallverken A.B., Stockholm, Sweden

MEN

Metallwerk Elisenhütte G.m.b.H., Nassau, Lahn, Germany

MESKO

Abbreviation for  “Marka Export Solidnosc Knokurencyjnosc Otwartosc.”  The company name is Zaklady Metalowe “MESKO,”  Skarzysko-Kamienna, Poland 

MEP

MEP SPOL. S.R.O., Predni KoPanina 61, 164 00 Prague 6, Czech Republic

MEXICO

Fábrica Nacional de Municiones, Santa Fe, Mexico (near Mexico City)

MF

Small Arms Ammunition Factory No. 1 Footscray, Australia

MFS

Munitions Factory, Sundari, Nepal

MFS

Magyar Löszergyártó Kft., Mátravidéki Fémmüvek, H-332 Sirok, Hungary

MFT

Munitionsfabrik Thun, Thun, Switzerland

MG Marcel Gaupillat & Co., Paris, France
MG Small Arms Ammunition Factory No. 2 Footscray, Australia
MGM Manufacture Generale de Munitions, Bourg-les-Valence, France
MH Military Small Arms Factory No. 3, Hendon, Australia
MI Robert Paulet & Cie, Société Méridionale d’Industrie, Marseille, France
MIDWAY Midway Arms Inc., Columbia, MO.

MJ

Small Arms Ammunition Factory N°4, Hendon, Australia

MKE Makina ve Kimya Endustrisi, Kurumu, Turkey
ML Magyar Löszermuvek RT, Veszprem, Hungary
M  M Musgrave Manufacturers and Distributors (Pty) Ltd, P O Box 183, Bloemfontein, Republic of South Africa
MMCo Mathews Manufacturing Co. (Pty) Ltd, PO Box 8188, Belmont Bulawayo, Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe)
MNAM Manufacture Nationale d’Armes et de Munitions, Morocco

MQ

Small Arms Ammunition Factory N°5, Rocklea, Australia

MR Manufacture de Machines du Haut-Rhin, (Manurhin), Mulhouse-Bourtzwiller, France
MRP Companhia Brasileira de Cartuchos, Santo Andre, Estado de San Paulo, Brazil, for Magtech Recreation Products, Inc., Las Vegas, Nevada (now Magtech Ammunition Company, Madison, Ct. 05443)

MS

Small Arms Ammunition Factory N°7, Salisbury, Australia

M&S Klaus Mayer & Sons, Arnsberg and Neheim-Husten, Germany
MSA Mines Safety Appliance Co., Pittsburgh, PA
mus Musgrave Manufacturers and Distributors (Pty) Ltd, P O Box 183, Bloemfontein, Republic of South Africa
MUNICO Industries Valcartier Inc., Montreal, Québec, Canada
MW Munitions Werke, Schoenebeck a.Elbe, Germany

MW

Small Arms Ammunition Factory N°6, Welshpool, Australia

MxF Magyar Löszergyártó Kft., Mátravidéki Fémmüvek, H-332 Sirok, Hungary

- N-

N

Dum Dum Arsenal, Dum Dum India

N

Birmingham Metals & Munitions Co., Birmingham, UK

N

Rheinisch-Westfälische Sprengstoff, A.-G., Nuremburg, Germany

N

 P.W.U. Fabryka Amunicji, Skarzyskó-Kamienna, Poland Note: PWU stands for “Panstwowe Wytwornie Uzbrojenia (“National Factory of Armaments”).  “N” usually shown as “Norblin”the metal supplier

N

National Cartridge Co, Belleville, IL

N

Nitrogen Budapest, Budapest, Hungary

NA

National Arms & Ammunition Co., Birmingham, UK

NACo

Newton Arms Company, Buffalo, NY

NATIONAL

National Cartridge Co., Atlanta, GA  30315

NC

National Conduit & Cable Co., Hastings-on Hudson, NY

ndn

Unknown, probably post-war Czechoslovakia

NEVINS

Nevins Ammunition, Inc., Boise, ID 83709

NGA

New Generation Ammunition Pty Ltd, Box 9207, Hennopsmeer 0046 R.S.A.

NIC

NORINCO (North China Industries Corp.), Peoples Republic of China

nny

Prvi Partizan-Namenska Proizvodnja, Titovo, Uzice 31000, Yugoslavia.  These are actually Cyrillic letters equal to “PPU” in the Western alphabet.

NORMA

AB Norma Projektilfabrik, 670 40 Amotfors, Sweden

NP

AB Norma Projektilfabrik, 670 40 Amotfors, Sweden

NPA

New Generation Ammunition Pty Ltd, Box 9207, Hennopsmeer 0046 R.S.A.

nr

POBEDA, Gorazde, Yugoslavia (now Bosnia-Herzogovina)

NRC

China North Industries Corp., (NORINCO), 7A Yue Tan Nan Jie, Beijing, Peoples Republic of China

N  S

China North Industries Corp., (NORINCO), 7A Yue Tan Nan Jie, Beijing, Peoples Republic of China

nts

Presswerk u. Drechslerwarenfabrik, “SPILBA”, Jnh. Kaiser & Pichl, Liban Kreis Fitschin/Protektorat, Germany (now part of the Czech Republic)

NWM

Nederlandsche Wapen-en Munitiefabriek NV., “DE KRUITHOORN”, ‘s-Hertogenbosch, Netherlands

- O-

O

Sellier & Bellot, Prague, Vlašim, Czechoslovakia

OFN

Ordnance Factory Nigeria, Lagos, Nigeria

ÖJP

Österreichische Jagdpatronenfabrik, Kramsach, Tirol, Austria

oma

Unknown, probably post-war Czechoslovakia

ONEX

Office National Des Substances Explosives, Hussein Dey, Algeria

ORBEA

Cartucheria Orbea Argentina, Argentina

OS (overlaid)

Oberschlesische A.-G., Schönebeck/Elbe

OTAL

Unknown, Canada

oxo

Teuto Metallwerke G.m.b.H., Osnabrück, Germany

- P-

P

Polte, Werk Magdeburg, Magdeburg, Germany

P

Hirtenberger Patronen-, Zündhütchen-und Metallwarenfabrik A.-G., Hirtenberg, Austria

P

Patronenfabrik A.-G., Solothurn, Switzerland

P

Fabrique Nationale d’Armes de Guerre  (FN), Herstal, Belgium

P

Mátravidéki Fémmüvek Sirok, Sirok, Hungary

P

Peters Cartridge Company, Cincinnati, OH

P14A

Waffenwerke Brünn A.-G., Werk Povazska Bystrica, (Later Povazská Strojárne), Povazská, Bystrica, Czechoslovkia  under German occupation

P25

Metallwarenfabrik Treuenbritzen G.m.b.H, Werk Sebaldushof, Sebaldushof, Germany

P28

Deutsche Waffen u. Munitionsfabriken A.-G., Karlsruhe, Germany

P69

Patronen-, Zündhütchen- und Metallwarenfabrik A.-G. (formerly Sellier & Bellot) Schönebeck a. Elbe, Germany

P94

Kabel- u. Metallwerke Neumeyer A.-G., Nürnberg, Germany

P120

Dynamit A.-G., vormals Alfred Nobel & Co., Werk Empelde, Germany

P131

Deutsche Waffen u. Munitionsfabriken A.-G., Berlin-Borsigwalde, Germany

P151

Rheinisch-Westfälische Sprengstoff A.-G., Werk Nürnberg-Stadeln., Germany

P154

Polte Werk Grüneberg, Grüneberg (Nordbahn), Germany

P181

Hugo Schneider A.-G.,  Leipsig, Germany

P334

Mansfeld A.-G. Metallwarenfabrik, Werk Rothenburg/Saale, Rothenburg, Germany

P369

Teuto Metallwerke G.m.b.H., Osnabrück, Germany

P405

Rheinisch-Westfälische Sprengstoff A.-G., Werk Durlach (vormals Gustav Genschow), Durlach, Germany

P635

Gustloff-Werke Otto Eberhardt-Patronenfabrik, Hirtenberg Niederdonau, Austria  under German occupation

PC

Peters Cartridge Company, Cincinnati, OH

PCCo

Peters Cartridge Company, Cincinnati, OH

Pcdp

Theodor Bergmann & Companie, K.-G., Waffen- und Munitionsfabrik, Werk Bernau, Berlin W62, Kleistrasse 21, Germany

P-D

Precison Delta Corporation, P.O. Box 128, Ruleville,  MS  38771

PEC

Pirotecnico Esercito-Capua, Capua, Italy

PENN

Penn Ammo Inc., Delmont, PA 15626

PETERS

Peters Cartridge Company, Cincinnati, OH

PF

Patronenfabrik Solothurn A/G, Solothurn, Switzerland

PINDAD

PT Pindad (Persero), under management of PT Bahana Pakarya Industrisi Strategis (Persero).  Formerly known as Pabrik Senjata Mesiu.  Ammunition factory at Turen Malang, West Java, Indonesia

PH

Parker Hale, Probably Birmingham, UK

PJJ

Danish Government Arsenal (Ammunitionsarsenalet) Copenhagen, Denmark-under German Occupation

PK

Pocisk, Spolka Akcyjna, Warsaw, Poland

PM

Proffitt’s Machining Inc., Greenback, TN

PMC

Poongsan Metal Manufacturing Company Ltd. , Seoul, Republic of Korea (probably at the Angang Ammunition Plant ) Note that the "M" is shaped like an upside "W"

PMC

Eldorado Cartridge Corporation (previously Patton and Morgan Corporation and , Pan Metal Corporation. Originally owned by PMC of Korea)PO Box 62508, Bolder City, NV 89006 Note that PMC headstampsed ammunition for ECC has been made in the Philippians, Mexico and South Africa

PMP

Pretoria Metal Pressings Ltd., Pretoria, Republic of South Africa

PNP

Companhia Brasileira de Cartuchos, Săo Paulo, Brazil.  Contract for “Policia Nacional Peruana” (“Peruvian National Police”)

PO

Oramil S.A. – División A. M., San Sebastián, Spain.  “PO” stands for “Plásticas Oramil.”

POF

Pakistan Ordnance Factories, Wah Cantt, Pakistan

PP

Prvi Partizan, 31000 Titovo, Uzice, Yugoslavia

PPU

Prvi Partizan, 31000 Titovo, Uzice, Yugoslavia

PRO-LOAD

Pro Load Ammunition Inc., 5180 E. Seltice Way, Post Falls, ID 83854, (Formally: 1120 S. Varney St., Burbank, CA 91502)

PS

Povážské Strojárne, Povážská  Bystrica, Czechoslovakia (now Slovakia)

PS

Giulio Fiocchi S.p.A., Lecco, Italy

PS

Pirotecnia Militar de Sevilla, Sevilla, Spain

PS

Poongsan Metal Manufacturing Company Ltd., Poongsan, Republic of Korea

PS

Poongsan Metal Manufacturing Company Ltd., Seoul, Republic of Korea (probably at the Angang Ammunition Plant)

PSD

Poongsan Metal Manufacturing Company Ltd., Seoul, Republic of Korea (probably at the Dongrae Ammunition Plant)

PSM

Pabrik Senjata Mesiu (also seen in factory literature as “Pabrik Senjata Munisi”), Turen Malang, West Java, Indonesia

Pu

Unknown (Perhaps Burgsmüller, Kreiensen, Germany)


- Q-

qrb

Pirotecnico de Bologna, Bologna, Italy under German occupation

- R-

R

Doninion Cartridge Co., Montreal, Quebec, Canada for T Eaton Co. of Toronto in 1930

R

Fábrica do Realengo, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

R

Robin Hood Ammunition Co., Swanton, VT

RA

A/S Raufoss Ammunisjonsfabrikker, Raufoss, Norway

RA

Remington Arms Co., Bridgeport, CT

RANO

Jointly loaded by A/S Raufoss Ammunisjonsfabrikker, Raufoss, Norway and AB Norma Projektilfabrik, 670 40 Amotfors, Sweden

RAUFOSS

A/S Raufoss Ammunisjonsfabrikker, Raufoss, Norway

RD

Armeria F. A. San Cristóbal, San Cristóbal, Dominican Republic

REM-UMC

Remington Arms Co., Bridgeport, CT (also used by CDM of Mexico and CBC of Brazil)

rfo

Deutsche Waffen u. Munitionsfabriken A.-G., Berlin-Borsigwalde Factory, Berlin, Germany

RG

Royal Ordnance Factory Radway Green, Radway Green, UK

RHACo

Robin Hood Ammunition Co., Swanton, VT

RL

Royal Laboratory, Woolwich, England

RM  S

Rheinische Metallwaren-und Maschinenfabrik, Abteilung Sömmerda. Sömmerda, Germany

RNADC

Royal Naval Armament Depot, Caerwent, Wales, United Kingdom

ROFB

Royal Ordnance Factory Birtley, Birtley, County Durham UK

RORG

Royal Ordnance Factory Radway Green, Radway Green, UK

R-P

Remington Arms Company, Inc., Bridgeport CT , and later: Lonoke, AR   (also used by CDM of Mexico)

RPA

Republic of the Philippines Army,  Government Arsenal, Department of National Defense, Camp General Antonio Luna, Limay, Bataan, Republic of Philippines 

RPR

Plant 21, Uzinale Metalurgica Di Copsa, Mica Si Cugir, Romania.  “RPR” stands for “Republica Popolara Romana,” (“People’s Republic of Romania”)

RRCo

Ross Rifle Co, Quebec, Canada

RTA

Royal Thai Army Arsenal, Bangkok, Thailand

RW

Rudge Withworth Co., Nottingham, UK (1914-1918)

RWS

Rheinisch-Westfälische Sprengstoff A.-G., Nürnberg-U. Germany

RY

Établissements Rey Frčres, Nîmes, France

- S-

S

Dum Dum Arsenal, Dum Dum, India

S

Königliches Munitionsfabrik, Spandau, Spandau, Germany

S

Israeli Military Industries, Tel Aviv, Israel

S

Sako A. B., (Suojeluskuntain Ase-je Konepa ja Oy), Riihimaki, Finland

S

Pirotecnia Militar de Sevilla, Sevilla, Spain

SA

Southern Ammunition Company, Route 1, Box 6B, Latta, SC  29565

SA

Israeli Military Industries, Tel Aviv, Israel

S A CORP

Savage Repeating Arms Co, Utica NY

Sako

Sako A. B., (Suojeluskuntain Ase-je Konepa ja Oy), Riihimaki, Finland

SAM

South African Mint, Pretoria, Republic of South Africa (Subsequently Pretoria Metal Pressing Ltd.)

Sam’s

Omark Industries, CCI-SPEER/Sporting Equipment Division, PO Box 856, Lewiston, ID  83501.  A trial headstamp made for Walmart Stores, but not accepted.

SANDIA

Sandia Die and Cartridge Company, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87123

SARA

AB Norma Projektilfabrik, Amotfors, S-670-40, Sweden.  “SARA” stands for “Scandinavian Ammunition Research Association,” Cartridges with the “SARA” headstamp are commeratives made for SARA

SAVAGE

Savage Repeating Arms Co, Utica NY

SAW

Sage Ammunition Works, Middletown, CT

SB

Arms Corporation of the Philippines, (formally Squires Bingham Co.) Marikina, Republic of the Philippines

SB

Empresa Nacional Santa Barbara de Industrias Militares SA, Toledo, Spain

SB

Israeli Military Industries, Tel Aviv, Israel

S&B

Sellier & Bellot, Prague, Czechoslovakia (now Czech Republic) Factory in Vlasim

SBP

Sellier & Bellot, Prague, Czechoslovakia (now Czech Republic) Factory in Vlasim

SB-T  

Empresa Nacional Santa Barbara de Industrias Militares, SA Toledo, Spain

SCB

Cartoucherie Belge, Liege, Belgium 

SCC

Standard Cartridge Company, Pasadena, CA

SEL

Omark Industries , CCI-Speer / Sporting Equipment Division, Lewiston ID  83501   USA

SF

Fábrica Militar de Cartuchos San Francisco, San Francisco, Argentina

SF

Société Française des Munitions, (Gévelot S. A.), Place Jules Gévelot, 92310 Issy-Les-Moulineaux, France 

SFM

Société Française des Munitions, (Gévelot S. A.), Place Jules Gévelot, 92310 Issy-Les-Moulineaux,, France

SINTOX

Dynamit Nobel A-G, Troisdorf, Germany.  Trademark spelling for Non-Toxic ammunition

SK

Tulski Patronny Zavod, (Tula Cartridge Works), Tula, Russia.  Probably originally intended for SK Jagd- und Sportsmunitions GmbH, Schönebeck (Elbe), Germany, but sold in the U.S. in Tula boxes

SK

Povážské Strojárne, Povážská, Bystrica, Czechoslovakia (now Slovakia).  Made for SK Jagd- und Sportsmunitions GmbH, Schönebeck (Elbe), Germany

SK

Showa Kinzoku Kogyo Co.,  Ltd., Japan

SKD

Selve Kronbiegel Dornheim A.-G., Sommerda, Germany

SKN

Zaklady Metalowe “MESKO” for SK-Nimrod GmbH, Schönebeck, Germany

SL

St  Louis Ordnance Plant, St Louis, MO

SLS

Sportnovi a Lovecke Střelivo, “SLS Ammunition” brand, P. O. Box B16, 530 01 Pardubice, Czech Republic

SM

AB Svenska Metallverken, Stockholm, Sweden

SMCO

Stant Manufacturing Co. Connersville, IN

SMI

Societŕ Metallurgica Italiana, Campo Tizzoro, Italy

SNC

SNC Industrial Technologies Inc., (Formally Industries Valcartier Inc.), Valcartier, Quebec, Canada

SO

Sako A. B., (Suojeluskuntain Ase-je Konepa ja Oy), Riihimaki, Finland

SP

Fábrica Militar de San Francisco.  “SP” is believed to stand for “Servicio de Policía” but this has not been confirmedl

SP

Scorzato Hermanos & Cia Ltd., Lujan, Argentina

SP

Swartklip Products (Pty.) Ltd., Cape Town also formerly known as RMC – Ronden Manufacturing

SPC

Sociadade Portuguesa de Cartucheria, Portugal

SPEER

Omark Industries , CCI-Speer / Sporting Equipment Division, Lewiston ID  83501   USA

SR

Royal Ordnance Factory Spennymoor, UK (1913-1945)

SUPER-VEL

Super Vel Cartridge Company, Shelbyville, IN

suk

Deusche Waffen u. Munitionsfabriken A-G., Karlsruhe, Germany

Super X

Western Cartridge Co. East Alton, IL

S&W

Smith & Wesson Ammunition Company, Rock Creek, Ohio,  44084

S&W-F

Smith & Wesson - Fiocchi Inc., Alton, Illinois

- T-

T

Munitionsfabrik Thun, Thun, Switzerland

T

Empresa Nacional Santa Barbara de Industrias Militares, SA Toledo, Spain

TA

Israeli Military Industries, Tel Aviv, Israel

TA

Thai Arms, Bankok, Thailand

TCW

Tula Cartridge Works (Tulski Patronny Zavod), 139 Marata St., 300004, Tula, Russia

TE

Cartoucherie de Toulouse, Toulouse, France

TEXAS

Texas Ammunition Co. Ballinger, Texas (www.texas-ammo.com)

TH

Royal Ordnance Factory Thorp Arch, Thorp Arch, England

TOYO

Toyo Seiki Mfg. Co., Ltd., Japan

TPE

Unknown Manufacturer, UK

TPZ

Tulsky Patronney Zavod, (Tula Cartridge Works), 139 Marata St., 300004 Tula, Russia

TR

Dominion Rubber & Munitions Co., Three Rivers, Quebec, Canada

TRITON

Triton Cartridge Corporation, P. O. Box 50 (Mailing Address), 2 Briar Lane, Wappingers Falls, New York 12590

TS

Atelier de Construction de Tarbes, Tarbes, France

TS

Toyo Seiki Mfg. Co., Ltd.,  Japan

TW

Twin Cities Ordnance Plant, Minneapolis, MN

TZ

Israeli Military Industries, Tel Aviv, Israel

TZZ

Israeli Military Industries, Tel Aviv, Israel

- U-

U

Kimberley Branch Mint, Kimberley, Republic of South Africa

U

Union Metallic Cartridge Co., Bridgeport, CT

U

Remington Arms Co., Bridgeport, CT

U

Rheinisch- Westfälische Sprengstoff A.-G., Nuremburg, Germany

UMC

Union Metallic Cartridge Co., Bridgeport, CT

UN

H. Utendoerffer, Nuremberg, Germany

US

United States Cartridge Co., Lowell, MA

USCCO

United States Cartridge Co., Lowell, MA

UT

Utah Ordnance Plant, Salt Lake City, UT

- V-

va

Kabel- u. Metallwerke Neumeyer A.-G., Nuremberg, Germany

VC

Canadian Industries Limited (C-I-L,) Verdun, Quebec, Canada

VE

Cartoucherie de Valence, Valence, France

VEN

Ministerio de la Defensa, Servicio de Armamento, Arsenal, Fábrica de Municiones, Probably located at: Apartado Postal 66.459.1061, Urb. Las Mercedes, Calle Jalisco, Caracas 1060, Venezuela

VMT

Valtion Metallitehtaat, Helsinki, Finland

VPT

Lapuan Patruunatehdas, Lapua, Finland

VZ

Vereinigte Zünder - und Kabelwerke A.-G., Meissen/Elbe (Saxe), Germany

- W-

W

Winchester Repeating Arms Co., Bridgeport CT

wa

Hugo Schneider A.-G., Werk Leipzig, Germany

WCC

Western Cartridge Company (Olin), East Alton, IL

WESTERN

Western Cartridge Company (Olin), East Alton, IL

wg

Hugo Schneider A.-G., Werk Altenburg, Altenburg, Germany

WIN

Olin Corp., East Alton IL

WISE

J. B. Wise Inc, Watertown, NY

WRA

Winchester Repeating Arms Co., Bridgeport CT

WRACO

Winchester Repeating Arms Co., Bridgeport CT

W-W

Winchester-Western (Olin), East Alton, IL

WWG

W. W. Greener, Birmingham, England

- X-

X

Hovedarsenalet Laboratorium, Copenhagen, Denmark

X

Povážské Strojárne, Povážská Bystrica, Czechoslovakia (now Slovakia)

X

Used as the sole headstamp on German 9mm Parabellum and 7.65mm Browning cartridges intended for clandestine use, usually with silencers. Probably produced by: Rheinisch-Westfälische Sprengstoff A.-G., (Previously Gustav Genschow & Co. ) Werk Durlach, Germany 

XL

Federal Cartridge Corp, Minneapolis MN

XR

Federal Cartridge Corp, Minneapolis MN


- Y-

none

none

none

- Z-

Z

Zbrojovka Brno, Brno, Czechoslovakia

ZERO

Zero Ammunition Company, 1601 22nd Street, S.E., Cullman, Alabama 35056-1188

- Number Codes-

01

Rheinisch- Westfälische Sprengstoff A.-G. (Part of the Dynamit Nobel group), Nuremburg, Germany. Found on 7.62 x 39mm.

04

Volkseigene Betrieb (VEB) Mechanische Werkstätten Königswartha, East Germany

05 Spreewerke Lübben, East Germany

07

Karlsborg Ammunitions fabrik. (Nammo/Vanäsverken)

2

Royal Ordnance Factory Woolwich, England. Found on .303 Mark II, c. 1880s

3

Ulyanovsk Machinery Plant State Production Association, 2 Metallistov St. Ulyanovosk 432031, Russia

10

Arsenal, Kazanlak (previously named Durjava Voenna Fabrika), Bulgaria (When found on ammunition made after 1946).

10

Russian State Arsenal, location unknown. Listed here to avoid confusion with Bulgarian factory using the same code. Found on ammunition made 1946 and earlier. Factory Ceased operations in 1946

11

Chinese State Factory at Mudanjang and part of NORINCO group. Normally found as part of a two-entry headstamp with date being the only other entry

11 Prvi Partizan, Miloša Obrenovića 2, 31000 Užice, Yugoslavia (Serbia)

17

Barnaul Machine Tool Plant JSC, 28 Polevaya St., Barnaul 656002, Altai Territory, Russia

21

Zaklady Metalowe "MESKO," Skarzysko-Kamienna, Poland. Normally found on cartridge headstamps with a date stamped upside down in relation to the factory code

21

Mátravidéki Fémmüvek Sirok, Hungary. Normally found on cartridge headstamps with a date stamped rightside up in relation to the factory code

21

Plant 21, Uzinale Metalugica Di Copsa Mica Si Cugir, Romania. Normally found on cartridge headstamps followed by the letters "RPR" which stand for "Republica Popolara Romana" ("People’s Republic of Romania"

22

Plant 22, Romania (address and actual name unknown)

24

Norrahammars Bruk (Only manufactured the cases).

25

Vulcans Tändsticksfabrik, Tidaholm.

26

A.B. Svenska Metallverken. Västerĺs

27

Norma Projektilfabrik, Ĺmotfors.

28

Jönköpings Västra tändsticksfabrik,Jönköping.

29

VPT Finland.

30

DWM Germany (FN Belgia).

31

Svensk Tändsticks AB Jönköping.

32

Shadow factory. Made in  Linköpings Tändstiksfabrik, Lidköping, Sweden. 1944.

33

Brunn, Czechoslovakia.

34

Jönköpings tändsticksfabrik.

35

Imported from Ammunitionsfabrikker, Blikstorf. The factory was owned by the Swedish company Svenska metallverken during the period 1956-58.

38

Russian State Factory at Yuryusan (Tscheljabinks Region), Russia

54

Panstwowa Fabryka Am., Skarzysko-Kam., Poland

60

Russian State Factory at Frunze, Kirgisia, Russia

60A

60th Arsenal, Kao Hsiung, Taiwan, Nationalist China

07

Karlsborg Ammunitions fabrik. (Nammo/Vanäsverken)

071

FFV Zakrisdalsverken, Karlstad.

88

Western Cartridge Company (Olin), East Alton, IL

121

Unknown, Peoples Republic of China

184

Russian State Factory, Kazan Region, Russia.

187

Tula Cartridge Plant JSC, 139 Marat St., Tula 300035, Russia

188

Novosibirsk Low Voltage Equipment Plant JSC, 30A Stantsionnaya St., Novosibirsk 630031, Russia

234

Unknown Factory, Poland

270

Soviet State Factory at Lugansk, Ukraine

304

Probably Kouskovo / Lugansk, Moscow, USSR

343 State Munitions Factory at Krupski Mlyn (Silesia), Poland, as found on 7.62 x 25mm ammunition. Found also with a circle around the numbers

434

Imported from Norway and is made by Bakelittfabrikken.

539

Tula Cartridge Works (Tulski Patronny Zavod), 139 Marata St., 300004, Tula, Russia

541

Possibly Tula Cartridge Works, Tula, USSR

583

Imported from Raufoss, Norway.

586

Imported from Hirtenberger, Austria.

599

Imported from Diehl Wehrtechnik, Germany

602

Imported from Canada and made by SNC.

604

Argus, Austria

613

Imported from Brazil and made of CBC.

616

Imported from USA and made by Winchester/Olin

710

Russian State Ammunition Factory at Podolsk, Russia

711

Russian State Ammunition Factory at Podolsk, Russia

911

Unknown Factory, Peoples Republic of China

947

Unknown Factory, Peoples Republic of China

21215

Unknown Factory, Peoples Republic of China

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